Glossary

Explanations of the language we sometimes encounter when discussing cannabis.

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z     

A

Analgesic


Relieves symptoms of pain. Certain cannabinoids target CB1 receptors found in the central nervous system.

Anorectic


Reduces appetite.

Anxiogenic


Increases anxiety.

Anxiolytic


Reduces anxiety.

Anticarcinogen


Counteracts the development of carcinoma otherwise known as cancer.

Antidepressant


Relieves symptoms of depression.

Anti-inflammatory


Reduces inflammation. Certain cannabinoids act on CB2 receptors found in peripheral mast cell tissue.

Antimicrobial


Inhibits growth of micro-organisms.

Antioxidant


Counteracts damaging effects of oxidation reactions. This may protect cells, proteins, and DNA in the human body, from exposure to oxidative stress.

Antiseptic


Reduces possibility of infection.

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B

Bronchodilator:


Dilates the bronchioles, decreasing resistance in the respiratory airway and increasing airflow to the lungs

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C

Catalyze


Accelerate a reaction.

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D

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E

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F

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G

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H

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I

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J

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K

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L

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M

Muscle Relaxer


Most commonly refers to spasmolytics and less commonly neuromuscular blockers. Spasmolytic agents relieve symptoms of muscle contraction by balancing the synaptic excitation and inhibition of neuronal signals to motor neurons

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N

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O

Orexigenic


Appetite stimulant.

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P

Poisonous


Capable of harming or killing.

Psychoactive


Affecting the mind. Any chemical substance that changes brain function and results in alterations in perceptions, mood, or consciousness.

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Q

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R

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S

Sesquiterpene


A class of terpenes built from three isoprene units.

Sedative


Calming, soothing, reducing irritability or excitement.

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T

Trichome


A glandular hair.

Terpenes


Important building blocks for the odors, hormones, vitamins, pigments, resins, essential oils, and cannabinoids produced by marijuana. The presence and production of terpenes on the cannabis plant can vary with time of day, temperature, light, and nutrient composition.

Topical


Applied directly to the skin or part of the body.

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U

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V

Vasoconstrictant


The constriction of blood vessels.

Vasorelaxant


A reduction in vascular tension.

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W

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X

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Y

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Z

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